Top 10 Biggest Dams in Pakistan

As per an international commission on large Dams, Pakistan have 150+ dams which are 15 meter of height of 49 feet. Also, Pakistan having an advantage of having two largest dams in the world namely Tarbela Dam ranked 1st and Mangla Dam ranged 7th.

 

Here are the details of top ten Pakistani Dams.

 

Tarbela Dam

Tarbela Dam is an earth fill dam located on the Indus River in Pakistan. It is the largest earth-filled dam in the world and fifth-largest by structural volume. It is named after the town Tarbela, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, about 50 kilometers (31 mi) northwest of Islamabad.

  • It was started in 1968 and completed in 1976.
  • Its Height is 143.26 meters
  • Its Length is 2,743.2 meters
  • Its cost was $1,497 million

Tarbela-DAM

 

Mangla Dam

The Mangla Dam is a multipurpose dam located on the Jhelum River in the Mirpur District of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is the 7th largest dam in the world. The project was designed and supervised by Binnie & Partners of London (the team led by partner Geoffrey Binnie), and it was built by Mangla Dam Contractors, a consortium of 8 U.S. construction firms, sponsored by Guy F. Atkinson Company of South San Francisco.

  • It was started in 1961 and completed in 1967
  • Its Height is 147 meters
  • Its Length is 3,140 meters
  • Its cost was $1,473 billion

 

Mangla-DAM

 

Hub Dam

Hub Dam is a reservoir on the Hub River. It is situated 56 km from Karachi city in Karachi and Lasbela Districts on Sindh and Balochistan provinces border. The dam is extended to 24300 acres with gross storage capacity of 857000 acre feet. It is the Pakistan’s third largest dam. It is an important source that provides the drinking water to the metropolitan city Karachi.

In 1974, the government of Sindh declared the area around dam as a wildlife sanctuary. The sanctuary is about 27219 hectors in size. It is favorable area for feeding and nesting for Cranes, Pelicans, Ducks and Waders. It also an important habitat of migratory birds. The Dam was designated a Ramsar site on 1 May 2001.

Hub Dam is also a tourist resort. On weekend holidays a large number of peoples from Karachi visit there to enjoy picnic, swimming and fishing. A rest house of WAPDA is also located there for tourists stay.

  • It was started in 1963 and completed in 1981
  • Its Height is 48 meters
  • Its Length is 24,300 meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 1,191.81 million

 

HUB-DAM

 

Mirani Dam

Mirani Dam is a medium-size multi-purpose concrete-faced rock-filled dam located on the Dasht River south of the Central Makran Range in Kech District in Balochistan province of Pakistan. Its 302,000 acre feet (373,000,000 m3) reservoir is fed by the Kech River and the Nihing River. Mirani Dam was completed in July 2006 and it impounded the Dasht River in August 2006.

On June 26–27, the backflow water from Mirani Dam resulted in a large-scale disaster affected several thousand households in the upstream areas of Nasirabad, Kallatuk, and Nodez While the dam is supposed to irrigate up to 33,200 acres of land according to official plans, only a fraction of this land is irrigated and developed. The local communities have been staging protests, hunger-strikes, and people’s tribunal to demand compensation in lieu of damages from the government authorities.

  • It was started in 2002 and completed in 2006
  • Its Height is 39 meters
  • Its Length is 1,020 meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 5,267.90 million

Mirani-DAM

 

Sabakzai Dam

Sabakzai Dam is an embankment dam on the Sawar Rud, a tributary of Zhob River, about 68 km South West of Zhob in Balochistan, Pakistan.

The 395 m long dam is earth and rock-fill with a command area of 7300 acres. Construction on the dam began in 2004 and inaugurated by President Pervez Musharraf on 3 September 2007. The irrigation works for the dam are still being constructed.

  • It was started in 2004 and completed in 2007
  • Its Height is 34.7 meters
  • Its Length is 395 meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 1,4 billion

 

Sabakzai-Dam

 

Gomal Zam Dam

Gomal Zam Dam is a multi-purpose gravity dam in South Waziristan Agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan. The dam impounds the Gomal River, a tributary of the Indus River, at Khjori Kach, where the Gomal River passes through a narrow ravine.

The purpose of the dam is irrigation, flood control and hydroelectric power generation. Construction of the dam began in August 2001 and was completed in April 2011. The powerhouse was completed in March 2013 and electricity production started in August 2013. The dam was officially inaugurated on 12 September 2013 by Minister for Water and Power Khawaja Muhammad Asif, along with the US Ambassador Richard G. Olson and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Shaukatullah Khan.

  • It was started in 2007 and completed in 2015
  • Its Height is 133 meters
  • Its Length is 231meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 18,056.06 million

 

Gomal-Zam-Dam

 

Allai Khwar Dam

Allai Khwar Hydropower Plant is a run-of-the-river, high head project of 687 metres, located in the Battagram District on the Allai Khwar River, a left bank tributary of Indus River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. It is approximately 245 km from the federal capital of Islamabad and 330 km from the provincial capital of Peshawar, in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

  • It was started in 2003 and completed in 2013
  • Its Height is 51 meters
  • Its Length is 88 meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 15,669.76 million

 

Allai-Khwar-Dam

 

Duber Khwar Dam

Duber Khwar Hydropower Plant is located near the town of Pattan in Kohistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan on the Duber Khwar River, a right bank tributary of Indus River. It is approximately 300 km NW from Islamabad, the federal capital of Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

  • It was started in 2003 and completed in 2013
  • Its Height is 32 meters
  • Its Length is 202 meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 22,208.1 million

 

Duber-Khwar-Dam

 

Warsak Dam

Warsak Dam is a mass concrete gravity dam located on the Kabul River approximately 20 km northwest of the city of Peshawar in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

  • It was started in 1949 and completed in 1960
  • Its Height is 76.2 meters
  • Its Length is 140.2 meters
  • Its cost was Rs. 156 million

 

Warsak-Dam

 

Khanpur Dam

Khanpur Dam is a dam located on the Haro River near Potowar Plateau and the village of Khanpur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, about 25 miles (40 km) from Islamabad, Pakistan.And 15 km from Haripur. It caters to domestic water supplies in Rawalpindi and Islamabad, and irrigation water to many of the agricultural and industrial areas surrounding the cities.

The dam was completed in 1983 after a 15-year construction period believed to have cost Rs. 1,352 million. It is 167 feet (51 m) high and stores 110,000 acre feet (140,000,000 m3) of water.[1]

The adjoining Khanpur Lake is the venue for Sarhad Tourism Corporation’s annual airborne and waterborne sports gala. The event, termed as the ‘biggest’ in Pakistan was scheduled to take place between 9 and 11 April 2010.

  • It was started in 1968 and completed in 1983
  • Its Height is 51 meters
  • Its Length is not given
  • Its cost was Rs. 1,352 million

 

Khanpur-Dam

 

 

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